Republic of Tajikistan

Republic of Tajikistan

Legal system

The legal system of Tajikistan belongs to the Roman-Germanic Law Family.

The Constitution is the main law of the State, it was adopted on November 6, 1994. The Majlisi Oli – Parliament of Tajikistan – is the highest representative and legislative body, consisting of two Majlisi – Majlisi Milli (Upper Chamber) and Majlisi Namoyandagon (Lower Chamber).

Economy and financial sector

Tajikistan is an agro-industrial country, where the structure of employment has significantly changed during the years of independence, and the economy industrialization has taken place. The National Development Strategy until 2030 is being actively implemented and industrial production is being developed.

Financial sector is represented by banks, micro-credit and micro-deposit organizations, micro-credit funds, insurance companies, professional securities market participants and leasing companies.

Financial Intelligence Unit

Financial Monitoring Department under the National Bank of Tajikistan (FMD) is an authorized body in the sphere of AML/CFT/CPF, and it acts as a national center for collection and analysis of STR, as well as other information related to ML, predicate crimes and TF, and transfer the results of this analysis to the competent authorities on initiative and upon request. The FMD regulates and supervises the reporting entities in terms of compliance with the AML/CFT/CPF legislation, and coordinates the activities of the competent authorities (Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Anti-Corruption Agency, Drug Control Agency, State National Security Committee, General Prosecutor's Office, Supreme Court, and National Bank of Tajikistan) on relevant issues.

The head of Tajikistan delegation to EAG is the Director of the Financial Monitoring Department under the National Bank of Tajikistan Mr. Halim Mirzoaliev

Agencies involved in the AML/CFT system

In Tajikistan, the Interagency Commission on AML/CFT/CPF (approved by the RT Government Resolution of October 4, 2013 No. 443), which coordinates the activities of the state agencies in this area, was created and operates permanently.

Legal framework

In 2011, Tajikistan adopted the AML/CFT Law, which was amended periodically to bring it in line with the FATF Recommendations, including the CPF issues.

Legal and organizational principles of the AML/CFT/CPF system are regulated by the relevant law, Criminal Code, Criminal Procedure Code, Code of Administrative Offences, Civil Code, Law "On Combating Terrorism", Law "On Insurance Performance", Law "On Banking", Law "On State Registration of Legal Entities and Individual Entrepreneurs", Law "On Securities Market" and other regulatory legal acts.

The country has a digital repository of legal acts. A search by document name is available.

International cooperation

Tajikistan is among the States that established the EAG and since the foundation of the Group takes an active part in its work.

Tajikistan has been a UN member state since 1992, and it is a SCO, CSTO, IMF, and CIS member state.

EAG MEMBER-STATES
Republic of Belarus

The legal system of Belarus belongs to the so-called Roman-Germanic Law Family. The main source of law in Belarus are regulatory legal acts. The Constitution has the highest legal force among legislative acts. 

Republic of India

India has a federal system consisting of the Union or Central Government, and the State Governments. Legislative power is exercised by the Parliament consisting of two houses, namely, Rajya Sabha (Council of States) as the upper house, and the Lok Sabha (House of the People) as the lower house. Rajya Sabha is a permanent body and is not subject to dissolution.

Republic of Kazakhstan

The economy of Kazakhstan is the largest economy in Central Asia. Since January 1, 2015 the Republic is a member of the Eurasian Economic Union.

People�s Republic of China

China has a mixed legal system. The legislative branch is represented by the National People’s Congress (NPC), which is the highest agency of state power. The NPC elects all supervisory, executive, judicial, and prosecutorial agencies of the country and has authority over local people's congresses across the country.

Kyrgyz Republic

Kyrgyzstan's legal system is based on the Roman-Germanic Law System. In Kyrgyzstan all regulatory legal acts (RLA) are divided into laws and subordinate acts.

The main law of the State is the Constitution adopted by referendum in 2010.

The head of the State is the President. The President is elected for 6 years by citizens of the Kyrgyz Republic. 

Russian Federation

Russia is a democratic federal presidential-parliamentary republic. Legislative power is vested in the Federal Assembly (Parliament), while executive power is vested in the Government.

Russia’s main exports are hydrocarbons, metals, chemicals, machinery, equipment, weapons and food.

Republic of Tajikistan

The legal system of Tajikistan belongs to the Roman-Germanic Law Family.

The Constitution is the main law of the State, it was adopted on November 6, 1994. The Majlisi Oli – Parliament of Tajikistan – is the highest representative and legislative body, consisting of two Majlisi – Majlisi Milli (Upper Chamber) and Majlisi Namoyandagon (Lower Chamber).

Turkmenistan

Legal system of Turkmenistan is based on continental legal tradition.

The economy of Turkmenistan adheres to the model of socially oriented market economy, which is developing by export-oriented and import-substituting approach.

Republic of Uzbekistan

The legal system of the Republic of Uzbekistan is based on the Roman-Germanic Law System. The Constitution of Uzbekistan was adopted on December 8, 1992.

According to the Constitution, the system of state power of the Republic of Uzbekistan is based on the principle of separation of powers into legislative, executive and judicial ones.

EAG MEMBER-STATES
Republic of Belarus
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Republic of Belarus

The legal system of Belarus belongs to the so-called Roman-Germanic Law Family. The main source of law in Belarus are regulatory legal acts. The Constitution has the highest legal force among legislative acts.