Kyrgyz Republic

Kyrgyz Republic

Legal system

Kyrgyzstan's legal system is based on the Roman-Germanic Law System. In Kyrgyzstan all regulatory legal acts (RLA) are divided into laws and subordinate acts.

The main law of the State is the Constitution adopted by referendum in 2010.

The head of the State is the President. The President is elected for 6 years by citizens of the Kyrgyz Republic. 

Legislative and representative governmental authority (Parliament) is Jogorku Kenesh of the Kyrgyz Republic.

Executive power in the Kyrgyz Republic is exercised by the Government. The Government is the highest body of executive power in the Kyrgyz Republic. The Government consists of the Prime Minister, Vice Prime Ministers, ministers and chairmen of state committees.

The judicial system in the Kyrgyz Republic consists of the Supreme Court and local courts. The Constitutional Chamber operates within the Supreme Court.

Economy and financial sector

GDPs at PPP of Kyrgyzstan in 2009 – 14.7 bln, 2010 – 14.893 bln, 2011 – 16.106 bln, 2012 – 16.38 bln, 2013 – 18.439 bln, 2014 – 19.382 bln, 2015 – 20.58 bln, 2016 – 21.7 bln, 2017 – 23.15 bln, 2018 – 24.54 bln, 2019 – 26.08 bln.

Gross Domestic Product (mln. USD) of Kyrgyzstan in 2015 – 6.6 mln, 2016 – 6.8 mln, 2017 – 7.7 mln, 2018 – 8.2 mln, 2019 – 8.4 mln.  

Financial institutions include mortgage companies (organizations), commercial banks, credit unions, leasing companies (organizations), pawnshops, microfinance organizations (microcredit agencies, microcredit companies, microfinance companies, specialized financial institutions), savings pension funds, exchange bureaus, operators of e-money payment systems, reinsurance organizations and brokers, payment organizations, postal service enterprises, professional participants of the securities market, building and loan associations, insurance organizations (insurers), insurance brokers, commodity exchanges, e-money issuers and agents (distributors) of electronic money.

Financial Intelligence Unit

On September 8, 2005, the Financial Intelligence Unit of the Kyrgyz Republic (FIU) was established in the Kyrgyz Republic, which is a FIU of administrative type ensuring transparency of the financial system of the Kyrgyz Republic.

In accordance with the legislation of the Kyrgyz Republic in the sphere of combating the financing of terrorist activity and anti-money laundering, the financial intelligence unit signed interagencyagreements on mutual cooperation and provision of information with 10 state agencies of the Kyrgyz Republic.

Partnership relations with foreign colleagues and international organizations play a significant role in the activities of the State Financial Intelligence Service under the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic (hereinafter referred to as SFIS). The SFIS has signed agreements and memorandums of cooperation and mutual support with 31 FIUs of foreign countries.

The SFIS is headed by a chairman, who is appointed and dismissed by the Prime Minister of the Kyrgyz Republic.

Since February 2021, Kanatbek T. Turgunbekov has been the Chairman of the SFIS and the Head of the delegation of the Kyrgyz Republic to the EAG.

Agencies involved in the AML/CFT system

Entities that implement measures to counter the financing of terrorist activities and legalization of criminal proceeds (money laundering) are the following:

  • financial institutions and non-financial categories of persons;
  • inspection authorities;
  • financial intelligence unit;
  • internal affairs agencies, economic crime agencies, customs agencies (hereinafter referred to as law enforcement agencies), national security agencies, and prosecution agencies of the Kyrgyz Republic.

The coordinating and advisory body on the issues of combating the financing of terrorist activity and legalization of criminal proceeds (money laundering), as well as on the issues of combating financing of extremist activity and financing of the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction was established in the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic.

Inspection authorities are the following:

Legal framework

The main regulatory legal acts of the Kyrgyz Republic in the sphere of combating the financing of terrorist activity and legalization of criminal proceeds (money laundering) are the following:

International cooperation

Kyrgyzstan has been a UN member since 1992. Kyrgyzstan is also a member of various regional associations such as the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEC), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), and the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). Kyrgyzstan is a member of more than 100 international organizations, including the OSCE, the  Antiterrorist Center of the CIS Member States, the World Bank and others. In 2004, Kyrgyzstan became one of the founding states of the EAG. The FIU of the Kyrgyz Republic has been a member of the Egmont Group since May 2009.

EAG MEMBER-STATES
Republic of Belarus

The legal system of Belarus belongs to the so-called Roman-Germanic Law Family. The main source of law in Belarus are regulatory legal acts. The Constitution has the highest legal force among legislative acts. 

Republic of India

India has a federal system consisting of the Union or Central Government, and the State Governments. Legislative power is exercised by the Parliament consisting of two houses, namely, Rajya Sabha (Council of States) as the upper house, and the Lok Sabha (House of the People) as the lower house. Rajya Sabha is a permanent body and is not subject to dissolution.

Republic of Kazakhstan

The economy of Kazakhstan is the largest economy in Central Asia. Since January 1, 2015 the Republic is a member of the Eurasian Economic Union.

People�s Republic of China

China has a mixed legal system. The legislative branch is represented by the National People’s Congress (NPC), which is the highest agency of state power. The NPC elects all supervisory, executive, judicial, and prosecutorial agencies of the country and has authority over local people's congresses across the country.

Kyrgyz Republic

Kyrgyzstan's legal system is based on the Roman-Germanic Law System. In Kyrgyzstan all regulatory legal acts (RLA) are divided into laws and subordinate acts.

The main law of the State is the Constitution adopted by referendum in 2010.

The head of the State is the President. The President is elected for 6 years by citizens of the Kyrgyz Republic. 

Russian Federation

Russia is a democratic federal presidential-parliamentary republic. Legislative power is vested in the Federal Assembly (Parliament), while executive power is vested in the Government.

Russia’s main exports are hydrocarbons, metals, chemicals, machinery, equipment, weapons and food.

Republic of Tajikistan

The legal system of Tajikistan belongs to the Roman-Germanic Law Family.

The Constitution is the main law of the State, it was adopted on November 6, 1994. The Majlisi Oli – Parliament of Tajikistan – is the highest representative and legislative body, consisting of two Majlisi – Majlisi Milli (Upper Chamber) and Majlisi Namoyandagon (Lower Chamber).

Turkmenistan

Legal system of Turkmenistan is based on continental legal tradition.

The economy of Turkmenistan adheres to the model of socially oriented market economy, which is developing by export-oriented and import-substituting approach.

Republic of Uzbekistan

The legal system of the Republic of Uzbekistan is based on the Roman-Germanic Law System. The Constitution of Uzbekistan was adopted on December 8, 1992.

According to the Constitution, the system of state power of the Republic of Uzbekistan is based on the principle of separation of powers into legislative, executive and judicial ones.

EAG MEMBER-STATES
Republic of Belarus
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Republic of Belarus

The legal system of Belarus belongs to the so-called Roman-Germanic Law Family. The main source of law in Belarus are regulatory legal acts. The Constitution has the highest legal force among legislative acts.