Republic of Kazakhstan

Republic of Kazakhstan

Politics and economy

Kazakhstan is a parliamentary-type presidential republic. The supreme legislative body is the parliament.

Kazakhstan is a fast-growing agro-industrial state. It is ranked eighth in the world in reserves of iron ore and is one of the world’s leading producers of refined copper. Its main industries are mining, non-ferrous and ferrous metallurgy, chemical, coal, food, light industries and engineering. Its main agricultural product is grain. In this regard, Kazakhstan is ranked third among the CIS countries after Russia and Ukraine.

The banking system is represented by the National Bank of Kazakhstan and 38 commercial banks, which are second-level lending institutions. The Development Bank of Kazakhstan has a special status. The country’s national currency is the tenge.

National AML/CFT regime

The Law On Combating the Legalization (Laundering) of Criminal Proceeds and Terrorism Financing entered into force on March 9, 2010.

The country’s financial intelligence unit is the Financial Monitoring Committee of the Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Kazakhstan, established by Government Decree № 387 of 24 April 2008. The committee collects and processes data on transactions involving money and/or other assets subject to financial monitoring. It analyzes the information it receives in the sphere of combating the legalization (laundering) of criminal proceeds and terrorist financing. It coordinates the activities of state bodies in this field and sends the information within its competence to law enforcement agencies so that they can decide if sufficient grounds exist to warrant action. It is an administrative-type financial intelligence unit.

Zhanat Elimanov

Zhanat Elimanov was born on 16 August 1978 in Karaganda.

Education:
1999 – Buketov Karaganda State University (Department of Legal Studies).
Professional experience:
2000 – Acting Prosecutor of the Section for Monitoring the Legitimacy of Judicial Decision Making and Executive Proceedings, Karaganda Prosecutor's Office;
2000 – Prosecutor of the Section for Monitoring the Legitimacy of Judicial Decision Making and Executive Proceedings, Karaganda Prosecutor's Office;
2000-2001 – Karaganda's Soviet District Assistant Prosecutor;
2001 – Prosecutor of the Group for Monitoring the Legitimacy of Judicial Decision Making and Executive Proceedings in Economic Matters, Karaganda Region Prosecutor's Office;
2001-2002 – Prosecutor of the Section for Monitoring the Legitimacy of Judicial Decision Making in Economic Matters, Karaganda Region Prosecutor's Office;
2002-2003 – Prosecutor of the Directorate of Compliance, Karaganda Region Prosecutor's Office;
2003-2004 – Senior Prosecutor of the Directorate of Compliance, Karaganda Region Prosecutor's Office;
2004 – Acting Deputy Head of the Directorate of Compliance, Astana Prosecutor's Office;
2004-2007 – Deputy Head of the Directorate of Compliance, Astana Prosecutor's Office;
2007-2009 – Senior Assistant for Special Assignments to the General Prosecutor;
2009 – Advisor to the Minister of Justice of the Kyrgyz Republic;
2009-2012 – Deputy Chairman of the Committee for Registration Service and Legal Aid, Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Kazakhstan;
2012 – Head of the Information and Analytical Department, Agency of the Republic of Kazakhstan for Fighting Economic and Corruption Crimes (Financial Police);
2012-2014 – Head of the Department for Investigation of Economic and Financial Crimes,  Agency of the Republic of Kazakhstan for Fighting Economic and Corruption Crimes (Financial Police);
2014-2017 – Director of the Department of Law Enforcement Intelligence Operations, RK Finance Ministry's State Revenue Committee;
2017 – Deputy Head of the Department of Legal Protection/Head of the Directorate for Monitoring Compliance in the Economic Sector, RK General Prosecutor's Office's Department of Legal Protection,
– assigned to the General Prosecutor's Office of the Republic of Kazakhstan,
– Deputy Head of the Department for the Protection of Public Interests/Head of the Directorate for Monitoring Compliance in the Economic Sector, RK General Prosecutor's Office's Department for the Protection of Public Interests (third service),
– Deputy Head of the Service for the Protection of Public Interests/Head of the Directorate for Monitoring Compliance in the Economic Sector, RK General Prosecutor's Office's Service for the Protection of Public Interests;
2017-2019 – Deputy Head of the Service/Head of the Directorate for Monitoring Compliance in the Economic Sector, RK General Prosecutor's Office's Service for the Protection of Public Interests;
2019 – Deputy Prosecutor of the Karaganda Region;
22 April 2019 – Deputy Chairman of the Committee on Financial Monitoring of the Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Nur-Sultan.
Since 28.01.2020 – Chairman the Committee on Financial Monitoring of the Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Cooperation with the EAG

Since the establishment of the Eurasian group, the Republic of Kazakhstan has been actively involved in its work. Kazakhstan became a member of the EAG on 6 October 2004 at the founding conference in Moscow.

The 12th plenary meeting of the EAG and the Consultative Forum with the private sector were held in June 2010 in Almaty.

The EAG conducted a mutual evaluation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in 2010-2011.

The 24th EAG Plenary meeting was held in Kazakhstan in June 2016.

EAG MEMBER-STATES
Republic of Belarus

Belarus is a presidential republic. Its supreme legislative body is the National Assembly. Belarus is an industrial-agrarian country. The most developed segments of its economy are the auto industry, instrument-making, light industry, food, chemicals and petrochemicals.

Russia accounts for about 50% of the country’s foreign trade.

Republic of India

India joined the EAG as a member state in December 2010 following the decisions of the 13th Plenary meeting. Before that India had observer's status.

The country is a member of FATF and APG.

Republic of Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan is a parliamentary-type presidential republic. The supreme legislative body is the parliament.

People’s Republic of China

The People’s Republic of China is a socialist republic. The highest legislative power is exercised by the National People's Congress of China.

Kyrgyz Republic

Kyrgyzstan is a parliamentary republic. The parliament of the Republic is the Zhogorku Kenesh.

The Kyrgyz Republic is a leading exporter of mercury and antimony and has enormous hydropower potential.

Russian Federation

Russia is a democratic federal presidential-parliamentary republic. Legislative power is vested in the Federal Assembly (Parliament), while executive power is vested in the Government.

Russia’s main exports are hydrocarbons, metals, chemicals, machinery, equipment, weapons and food.

Republic of Tajikistan

Tajikistan is a presidential republic. The main body of the legislative branch is the parliament—the Madzhlisi Oli.

Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan is a presidential republic. Large companies in heavy industry, agriculture, electrical power, transportation and telecommunications are state owned.

Republic of Uzbekistan

Uzbekistan is a rule-of-law democratic state. The head of state is the president. The supreme state representative body is the Oly Mazhlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

EAG MEMBER-STATES
Republic of Belarus
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Republic of Belarus

Belarus is a presidential republic. Its supreme legislative body is the National Assembly. Belarus is an industrial-agrarian country. The most developed segments of its economy are the auto industry, instrument-making, light industry, food, chemicals and petrochemicals.

Russia accounts for about 50% of the country’s foreign trade.