EAG typology reports

EAG typology reports

The main focus of the Working Group on Typologies and Countering the Financing of Terrorism and Crime (WGTYP) is to conduct typologies studies to identify key threats and vulnerabilities inherent in the Eurasian region, as well as to consistently develop guides and recommendations for competent authorities and a set of indicators for implementation in the private sector.

The following are the types of researches in the WGTYP, as well as the topics of the typologies studies conducted since the establishment of the EAG in 2004.

Types of WGTYP Studies.

A traditional typological research is a research aimed at studying money laundering, financing of terrorism and proliferation of weapons of mass destruction typologies and schemes. The outcomes of the research may include sets of indicators that allow the private sector to identify suspicious financial transactions, and (or) sets of criteria that enable government agencies, through the use of available resources, to develop typologies of money laundering, financing of terrorism and proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (ML/FT/PWMD).

A research on new threats or vulnerabilities is a type of research whose purpose is to study new, previously unknown, or poorly researched ML/FT/PWMD methods. In addition, it may help expose the shortcomings in the national systems that may be exploited for ML/FT/PWMD purposes. The outcomes of the research may include proposals to mitigate the emerging threats and eliminate the existing vulnerabilities in order to strengthen the global AML/CFT/PWMD network.

Preparation of handbooks and guidelines is a research whose goal is to systematize the generic AML/CFT/PWMD processes in order to facilitate interaction between competent authorities, the private sector and other stakeholders.

A list of participants in any of the research listed above includes a research leader/co-leader, selected from among the EAG members and observers, and research participants, selected from any countries or organizations declaring interest in strengthening the global AML/CFT/PWMD network.

EAG typologies research topics:

2019:

  • Terrorist financing using proceeds of crime including organized crime (Russia)
  • Features of cross-border drug trafficking schemes and legalization of proceeds of drugs with the use of electronic payment tools and cryptocurrency (Russia)

2018:

  • Money Laundering through Insurance Companies (China, Russia)
  • Identification of Individuals Assisting Terrorist Organizations in Purchasing Tickets for Terrorist Fighters (Russia)

2017:

  • Structural analysis of financial flows related to cash-in with a purpose of committing offenses and money laundering (Kazakhstan)
  • Unified financial profile of FTFs in the EAG region (Russia)
  • List of information of interest to the FIU in the implementation of activities within joint (international) investigations (Russia)

2016:

  • Money laundering of activities financial pyramids (Tajikistan)
  • Typology of corruption offenses and money laundering (Russia)
  • Typologies of illegal expatriation of assets of the credit institutions (Russia)
  • Methodological recommendations on terrorist and extremist listing and delisting mechanism and assets freezing (blocking) mechanism of specified entities (Russia)
  • Links between counterfeiting and terrorism financing (India)
  • Use of companies registered in offshore jurisdictions for redistribution of proceeds of crime and money laundering (Russia)
  • Possible ways of improvement of terrorist and extremist listing and delisting mechanism and assets freezing mechanism for combating financing of terrorist and extremist activities (Russia)
  • Problem of disclosing the financial component of the drug business (Russia)

2014:

  • Cybercrime and Money Laundering (Ukraine)

2013:

  • Tax crimes and money laundering typology research (Russia, Ukraine)
  • Money laundering through securities market (India)

2012:

  • Money laundering and terrorist financing vulnerabilities of transactions with intangible assets (particularly, intellectual property) (Ukraine)
  • Misuse of non-profit organizations for money laundering (Kazakhstan)
  • Money laundering and terrorist financing with use of physical cash and bearer instruments (Belarus)
  • EAG Member states’ FIUs cooperation for the purpose of preventing terrorist activities of organizations acting in the Eurasian region and not listed in the international list (un) of terrorist organizations (Russia)

2011:

  • Cash and cashless financial transactions involving organized crime groups (including ethnic crime groups) (Kyrgyzstan – Russia) 
  • Money laundering and terrorist financing through alternative remittance systems (USA) 
  • Preventing offences related to government procurements (Russia) 

2010:

  • "Risks of misuse of electronic money for money laundering and terrorist financing" (Russia);
  • "Risks of misuse of non-traditional financial institutions for money laundering and terrorist financing schemes" (Russia).

2009:

  • "Laundering of proceeds from drugs, psychotropic agents and their precursors trafficking";
  • "External trade transactions as means of money laundering";
  • "Laundering of proceeds from budget funds embezzlement and abuse of power by heads of organizations with state ownership".

2008:

  • "Trans-border cash transactions involving individuals".

2007:

  • "Typologies of Terrorism Financing";
  • "Legalisation of the Proceeds from Illegal Trafficking of Drugs and Psychotropic Substances";
  • "Cash-based Schemes for Money Laundering".

2006:

  • "Use of Offshore Companies and Offshore Jurisdictions for Money Laundering";
  • "Legalisation of the Proceeds from Illegal Trafficking of Drugs and Psychotropic Substances";
  • "Use of Non-Commercial Organizations for Terrorism Financing".

2005:

  • "Use of Non-Resident Organizations for Reinvestment of Proceeds from Crime into the Economy (through Offshore Companies)";
  • "Use of Fraudulent VAT Pay-back Schemes in Exports of Goods and Services for the Purpose of Obtaining Proceeds from Crime and Their Laundering";
  • "A Glancing Research on Alternative Remittance Systems in the Eurasian Region".